Fish and seafood are a global commodity with an estimated global first sale value of over OMR150 billion (USD390 billion) per year and form an important part of global food supplies; 3.3 billion people rely on fish for over 20 per cent of their annual animal protein intake. Fisheries are an important source of revenue, employment and food in Oman supporting the livelihoods of 50,000 register fishermen as well as providing additional jobs in associated services. Fisheries and aquaculture are worth OMR305 million (USD795 million) at first sale price and support more than OMR100 million (USD260 million) of exports annually. Beyond its current impact on the economy, fisheries are recognised as one of the five sectors of that can drive national economic diversification and growth. Ambitious investment plans amounting to OMR1 billion (USD2.6 billion) have been proposed to rapidly develop Oman’s fisheries, aquaculture and processing sectors.
Fisheries and aquaculture are closely connected with the natural environment and exposed to the effects of climate change. Climate driven changes in productivity and sustainability can directly impact the fisheries and aquaculture sectors and ripple through supply chains, impacting on associated investments, infrastructure and downstream processing. Therefore, implementing actions to build resilience and adaptive capacity in fisheries and aquaculture is necessary to futureproof the livelihoods, food security, revenues and investments associated with the sector. Through the Paris Agreement, Oman has agreed to take ambitious actions to adapt to the effects of climate change, and a decline in fisheries productivity has been identified in Oman’s Nationally Determined Contribution as a priority for adaptation action.
Following the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) framework for climate change risk assessments this report presents a risk assessment of fisheries and aquaculture in Oman. This identifies the components of the fishery, and associated local economies, that are most at risk from climate change and the factors generating this risk. The outputs of this analysis facilitate the development of prioritised resilience building actions to ensure long-term environmental and economic sustainability of Oman’s fisheries sector.